Dynamar (2016) REEFER Analysis - Market Structure-Conventional-Containers
The conventional reefer sector has gone through difficult years, but seems to have arrived into calmer waters in 2016 where it concerns mergers and takeovers. Instead, it is container shipping in crisis. Rates tumbling under the weight of overcapacity -too many too big ships- produced deep red financials in the carriers´ books.
It finally caused the -advocated by many, feared by others- container shipping consolidation taking off in a grand way: Coscon/China Shipping, CMA CGM/APL, Hapag-Lloyd/UASC, "K" Line/MOL/NYK and Maersk Line/Hamburg Süd, with probably more to come. So far, Hanjin Shipping has been the single sad dissonant. All the aforementioned carriers are engaged in the refrigerated container businedd, on routes from South America in particultar. The future combination Maersk Line/Hamburg Süd can even be considered a most significant event for reefer shipping, accounting, as it does, for no less than 680,000 refrigerated TEU and 3.8 million onboard plugs!
Compared to containers, conventional consolidation was sober with Eimskip/Nor Lines, GF Group/Glenata Food and Samskip/ Silvergreen as the conspicuous ones. Another eye-catching 2016 development in reefer chartering is a move from spot fixtures to a more Contract of Affreightment/liner-centric structure.
Seatrade receives its first reefer-heavy boxship newbuilding, the Panama Canal accommodates ships of over 10,000 TEU/2,000 plugs in the West Coast South America/Europe trade, Dole shifts to South/North America geared full reefer box vessels, Maestro operates large (670,000 cft) conventional reefers for Chiquita ... the above reflects just a tiny part of the rich contents of the latest Dynamar REEFER Analysis reporting on how business developed in 2016 following 2015´s 106 million tons of seaborne reefer trade, of which 26 million tons/24.5% conventional and 80 million tons/75.5% containers.
Have we seen the end of the container shipping merger frenzy? Likely not, but the alternatives are stretching thin. The Taiwanese carriers Evergreen and Yang Ming are not too enthusiastic about the idea of merging with anyone. Most likely neither is Hong Kong-based OOCL, which, as a financially sound and well-managed enterprise, is likely not to be too eager to partner up with one of the financial bunglers. And why would larger conventional reefer owners and operators, considering their shrinking fleets, not go the same consolidation way as yet? 2017 could become (another) a very interesting year...
Time will tell...
Dynamar is proud to present its seventh consecutive, annual, extensive special report
Dynamar (2016) REEFER Analysis - Market Structure, Conventional, Containers
This publication builds upon the analysis of the previous years. Again, the study comprises three parts: two separate sections on the different conventional and container reefer trades, based on an extensive write up and one section analysing the structure of the market.
Part I - Reefer market structure(s)
After a historical overview on the background and development of reefer shipping, this chapter provides extensive summaries, statistics and concise descriptions of:
- The world perishable trades:- volumes by main produce and export regions
- Transport modes and characteristics: transport conditions - modern techniques
- The world's main import regions: United States, European Union, Russia, China and Japan
- Trading patterns: conventional ships versus container vessels - main export areas - exports by product and individual country
- Major reefer ports: perishable exports by country - description of relevant reefer handling facilities by mode of transportation - port throughput statistics
Part 2 - Conventional reefer shipping
This section opens with a review of recent developments in the conventional reefer sector (including those affecting reefer container transports), covering three years (2014-2016), including statistics and graphs of relevant time charter equivalents, as well as:
- Extensive conventional reefer ship overviews and statistics (existing IMO-registered fleet, orderbook, age profile, demolition, future development)
- Structured profiles of the world's 15 largest conventional reefer ship operators, including markets/trade lanes served and their operated fleet (whether owned or chartered)
Part 3 - Container reefer shipping
This section provides insight into the main containerised reefer routes and services, invariably part of the South-North trade structure. Compared to previous versions of this publication, coverage has been expanded by even more trading areas. Furthermore, this section comprises:
- Extensive overviews and statistics on the composition and development of the container vessel fleet and orderbook, reefer TEU capacity, plugs/capacity ratios by size category
- Refrigerated container box fleet, size categories, production data, capacity by carrier
- Structured profiles of the world's 15 largest reefer container carriers
This publication uses the most recent (up to 2014) trade statistics on reefer commodities by country and area, supplemented with up-to-date port, vessel, box and carrier fleet statistics and gives a profound insight into the background, characteristics, goings and present status of the worldwide shipping market of perishables and the relevant players.
All information for the report has been collected, researched and processed in the third quarter of 2016. As sources often differ on the same topics, we have endeavoured to provide the reader with the most accurate estimates. Analyses are based on the best available professional databases and media, complete with data originating from carriers, operators, port authorities and a great many of other industry players.
This has all been complemented with data from Dynamar's own resources. This includes an unrivalled databank containing corporate, operational and financial information on some 16,000 different companies in the marine industry and DynaLiners, our daily, weekly and monthly digest, analysis and commentary on the industry's comings and goings, and of course the knowledge, experience and reports of our R&A, Constant Monitoring, Consultancy, Marine Intelligence and Shipping Publications teams.
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